A Comprehensive Overview of Classical and New Perceivable Spatial and Temporal Artifacts in Compressed Video Streams

Muhammad Uzair

Keywords: Spatial, Temporal, Compressed, Video, Codec’s, Artifacts, Blockiness

Issue II, Volume II, Pages 69 - 98

Modern video encoding tools use lossy coding schemes due to the constraints of

power and bandwidth. These coding approaches also create spatial and temporal artifacts

which ultimately decrease the received video quality. Understanding these classical and new

artifacts, especially produced due to new video encoding tools are very important for the

development of efficient video codec’s which can avoid these artifacts on the encoder side,

rather than compensating them on decoder side. There is still a lack of knowledge about new

artifacts due to the new video coding tools, besides the classical artifacts, i.e., blocking, ringing,

etc. Many existing papers in the literature describe these artifacts, but none of the paper

discusses these artifacts comprehensively. Therefore, this research provides a comprehensive

overview of all classical and new artifacts (spatial and temporal) produced by current and new

video coding tools, i.e., SVC (scalable video coding) and MVC (multi view coding) by H.264,

and NVC (next generation video codec’s - H.265/HEVC). The paper also describes the effect

of new coding tools on classical artifacts and how these artifacts are related to each other.

Overall, this research will assist in the design of more efficient adaptive quantization

algorithms and coding mechanisms to improve the video codec performance.

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