Recent Developments in Year 2000s in the Modelling of Turbulence Transport in Catalysis

Oyegoke Toyese, Adamu Yusuf, Edomwonyi-Otu C. Lawrence, Akanji N. Abiodun

Keywords: Simulation, Transport Phenomena, Kinetic Model, Chemical Reactors, Turbulence

Issue II, Volume II, Pages 1-19

The turbulent nature of catalytic reactions has been well reported. For some

reactions, the higher the rate of turbulence, the faster the reaction process. This paper focus on

the review of various research works where turbulence models were employed in promoting

and advancing study and knowledge of catalysis or catalytic reaction systems (such as fixed

bed reactor, trickle bed reactor, combustor, among others) or processes in the twentieth

centuries. It also draws attention to several fluid computational dynamics package employed

in the simulation and different contributions that have been made in advancing research in the

field of catalysis via turbulence modeling. The essence of these is to enhance effective and

efficient reactant access to the active sites of the catalyst. This study, however, shows that

models such as k–e and RSM turbulence models are better suited for predicting or studying

turbulence behavior in a catalytic reaction. It was realized that apart from selecting the

turbulence model, appropriate selection of the kinetic model plays a significant role in

promoting accurate prediction when carrying out simulations. However, this study was able to

identify that only a few research works have given attention to the right and appropriate use or

selection of a kinetic model for catalytic reaction systems.

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